Common Core Standards
Text Types and Purposes
1. Write arguments to support claims with clear
reasons and relevant evidence.
a. Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and
evidence clearly.
b. Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant
evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating
an understanding of the topic or text.
c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the
relationships among claim(s) and reasons.
d. Establish and maintain a formal style.
e. Provide a concluding statement or section that
follows from the argument presented. (6.W.1)
  • Write Arguments
  • Essays
2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a
topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information
through the selection, organization, and analysis of
relevant content.
a. Introduce a topic; organize ideas, concepts, and
information, using strategies such as definition,
classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect;
include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g.,
charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding
b. Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions,
concrete details, quotations, or other information and
c. Use appropriate transitions to clarify the
relationships among ideas and concepts.
d. Use precise language and domain-specific
vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
e. Establish and maintain a formal style.
f. Provide a concluding statement or section that
follows from the information or explanation presented.
  • Write Informative/Explanatory Texts
  • Research Report
  • Writing That Compares
3. Write narratives to develop real or imagined
experiences or events using effective technique,
relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event
a. Engage and orient the reader by establishing a
context and introducing a narrator and/or characters;
organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally
and logically.
b. Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing,
and description, to develop experiences, events,
and/or characters.
c. Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and
clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from
one time frame or setting to another.
d. Use precise words and phrases, relevant
descriptive details, and sensory language to convey
experiences and events.
e. Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated
experiences or events. (6.W.3)
  • Write Narratives
  • Personal Narrative
  • Story
Production and Distribution of Writing
4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the
development, organization, and style are appropriate
to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific
expectations for writing types are defined in standards
1–3 above. (6.W.4)
a. Produce clear and coherent functional writing (e.g.,
formal letters, recipes, experiments, notes/messages,
labels, timelines, graphs/tables, procedures,
invitations, envelopes, maps, captions) in which the
development and organization are appropriate to the
task, purpose, and audience. (AZ.6.W.4)
  • The Writing Process
  • Prewrite
  • Draft
  • Revise
  • Proofread/Edit
  • Present/Publish
5. With some guidance and support from peers and
adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by
planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new
approach. (Editing for conventions should
demonstrate command of Language standards 1–3
up to and including grade 6.) (6.W.5)
6. Use technology, including the Internet, to produce
and publish writing as well as to interact and
collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient
command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of
three pages in a single sitting. (6.W.6)
Research to Build and Present Knowledge
7.Conduct short research projects to answer a
question, drawing on several sources and refocusing
the inquiry when appropriate. (6.W.7)
  • Use the Research Process
8.Gather relevant information from multiple print and
digital sources; assess the credibility of each source;
and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of
others while avoiding plagiarism and providing basic
bibliographic information for sources. (6.W.8)
9. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to
support analysis, reflection, and research.
a. Apply grade 6 Reading standards to literature (e.g.,
"Compare and contrast texts in different forms or
genres [e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and
fantasy stories] in terms of their approaches to similar
themes and topics").
b. Apply grade 6 Reading standards to literary
nonfiction (e.g., "Trace and evaluate the argument
and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that
are supported by reasons and evidence from claims
that are not"). (6.W.9)
  • Use Text Evidence
  • Analyze Text
  • Reflect on Text
  • Use Text to Research
Range of Writing
10. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for
research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time
frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of
discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
  • Use a Writer’s Notebook