Conventions of Standard English

1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English
grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

a. Ensure that pronouns are in the proper case (subjective,
objective, and possessive).

b. Use intensive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves).

c. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in pronoun number
and person.

d. Recognize and correct vague pronouns (i.e., ones with unclear
or ambiguous antecedents).

e. Recognize variations from Standard English in their own and
others’ writing and speaking, and identify and use strategies to
improve expression in conventional language. (6.L.1)
Lesson A

Sentence Types
Subjects and Predicates
Simple Sentences, Compound Sentences,
and Conjunctions
Complex Sentences and Clauses
Correcting Fragments and Run-on

Lesson B

Common and Proper Nouns
Singular and Plural Nouns
Irregular Plural Nouns
Possessive Nouns
Plurals and Possessives

Lesson C

Action Verbs
Subject-Verb Agreement
Verb Agreement with Compound Subjects
Simple Verb Tenses
Perfect Verb Tenses
Avoid Shifts in Verb Tenses
Linking Verbs
Irregular Verbs

Lesson D

Pronouns and Antecedents
Subject and Object Pronouns
Possessive Pronouns
Indefinite Pronouns
Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns

Correcting Shifts in Pronoun Number
Correcting Shifts in Pronoun Person
Avoiding Vague Pronoun References

Lesson E

Adjectives and Predicate Adjectives
Proper Adjectives
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
Comparing with More or Most

Lesson F

Using Good and Well
Comparative and Superlative Adverbs
Using Irregular Adverb Forms
Correcting Double Negatives

Lesson G

Prepositional Phrases
2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English
capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

a. Use punctuation (commas, parentheses, dashes) to set off
nonrestrictive/parenthetical elements.

b. Spell correctly. (6.L.2)
Lesson H

Recognize & Use Conventional Language
First Words
Proper Nouns: Names and Titles of People
Proper Nouns: Names of Places
Other Proper Nouns and Adjectives
Titles of Works
End Punctuation
Quotation Marks
Tips for Improving Spelling
Spell and Use Frequently Confused Words
Use Resources to Check Spelling
Knowledge of Language

3. Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing,
speaking, reading, or listening.

a. Vary sentence patterns for meaning, reader/listener interest,
and style.

b. Maintain consistency in style and tone.* (6.L.3)
Lesson A

Use Precise Language

Lesson B

Choose Punctuation for Effect
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-
meaning words and phrases based on grade 6 reading and content,
choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or
paragraph; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue
to the meaning of a word or phrase.

b. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots
as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., audience, auditory,

c. Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries,
thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a
word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of

d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word
or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in
a dictionary). (6.L.4)
Lesson A

Multiple-Meaning Words
Use a Dictionary and Context Clues

Lesson B

Use Context Clues
Unfamiliar Words in Sentence Context
Unfamiliar Words in Paragraph Context

Lesson C

Understand Word Parts

Lesson D

Use Print and Digital Resources
Dictionaries and Glossaries
5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word
relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

a. Interpret figures of speech (e.g., personification) in context.

b. Use the relationship between particular words (e.g.,
cause/effect, part/whole, item/category) to better understand
each of the words.

c. Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words
with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., stingy, scrimping,
economical, unwasteful, thrifty). (6.L.5)

Lesson E

Understand Figurative Language
Similes and Metaphors

Lesson F

Understand Word Relationships
Connotation and Denotation
6. Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic
and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary
knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to
comprehension or expression. (6.L.6)
Lesson G
Build Vocabulary
Use Precise Language
Use Content Words
6th Grade Language
Common Core Standards